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Maryland law provides that a person “may not store or leave a loaded firearm in a location where the person knew or should have known that an unsupervised child would gain access to the firearm.”1 “Child” is defined as a person under age 16. 2

This section does not apply if:

  • The child’s access is supervised by an individual age 18 or older;
  • The child’s access was obtained as a result of unlawful entry;
  • The firearm is in the possession or control of a law enforcement officer while the officer is engaged in official duties; or
  • The child has a certificate of firearm and hunter safety.3

State administrative regulations may impose storage requirements in certain locations.

For other measures related to child access prevention, see the Maryland Locking Devices section.


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  1. Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-104(c).[]
  2. Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-104(a)(3).[]
  3. Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-104(b).[]