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Montana prohibits a parent, guardian, or other person having charge or custody of a minor child under the age of 14 from allowing the child to carry or use any firearms in public, except when the child is accompanied by a person having charge or custody of the child or under the supervision of a qualified firearms safety instructor or an adult who has been authorized by the parent or guardian.1 A violation of this statute constitutes a misdemeanor.2 The county attorney is required to prosecute reported violations of the law.3

State administrative regulations address storage of firearms in youth foster homes and licensed child care facilities.4


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  1. Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-344.[]
  2. Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-345(1).[]
  3. Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-345.[]
  4. Mont. Admin. R. 37.51.901(13) and 37.95.121(4).[]