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In recent years, New Mexico has taken important steps to improve its gun laws, but still has significant room for improvement when it comes to fighting gun violence. 

In 2019, New Mexico enacted laws requiring a background check for nearly all firearm sales and prohibiting many people subject to domestic violence convictions or court orders from accessing guns. In 2021, New Mexico had the third highest gun death rate among the states. New Mexico also supplied crime guns to other states at the 23rd highest rate among the states. New Mexico exported crime guns at more than 1.3 times the national rate and nearly 1.6 times the rate at which it imported crime guns from other states.

What New Mexico Does Well

  • Universal background checks
  • Extreme risk protection orders
  • Certain domestic violence gun laws
  • Child access prevention law

What New Mexico Is Missing

  • Gun owner licensing
  • Assault weapon restrictions
  • Waiting periods
  • Strong concealed carry law
  • Open carry regulations
  • Community violence intervention funding
  • Lost & stolen firearm reporting



The data is clear: states with stronger gun laws have less gun violence. See how your state compares in our annual ranking.

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We’re in this together. To build a safer America—one where children and parents in every neighborhood can learn, play, work, and worship without fear of gun violence—we need you standing beside us in this fight.