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Stay updated on the latest community violence intervention legislation. 

The GIFFORDS Community Violence Intervention Policy Analysis and Tracking Hub (CVI-PATH) is designed to offer valuable assistance in navigating the landscape of historic investments in community violence intervention (CVI). With CVI-PATH, advocates are able to monitor the progress of CVI bills introduced through the legislative process, generating insight into policy changes that support lifesaving strategies. Stay informed about important legislative dates for your state. 

For more detailed information or to contribute insights about community violence intervention efforts in your area, please feel free to reach out to the GIFFORDS Center for Violence Intervention team at gcvi@giffords.org

Session YearStateBill   TitleStatusUpdatedCategoryDetails
2024AlabamaH-38Community Based Violence Prevention ProgramIntroduced2/6/24New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—unspecified funding
2023AlabamaH-384Community OutreachFailed4/25/23New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—unspecified funding
2023–24CaliforniaA-1812Budget Act of 2024Introduced1/16/24Workforce DevelopmentSupports CVI worker training, workforce development, wages and benefits, and/or wellness; CVI-related appropriation(s)—$2M
2023–24CaliforniaA-28Firearms and Ammunition: Excise TaxEnacted9/26/23TaxEstablishes a tax on the manufacture, retail sale, and/or purchase of guns and/or ammunition to fund violence intervention and prevention
2023–24CaliforniaA-762Violence Intervention and Prevention Grant ProgramEnacted9/26/23Reauthorization/ExpansionReauthorizes and/or expands state’s violence intervention program—unspecified funding
2023–24CaliforniaA-912Strategic Anti-Violence Funding Efforts ActVetoed2/1/24New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—unspecified funding
2023–24CaliforniaS-101Budget Act of 2023Enacted6/27/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$75M
2023ColoradoS-2Medicaid Reimbursement for Community Health ServicesEnacted5/18/23MedicaidAuthorizes or expands Medicaid reimbursement for violence prevention services
2023ColoradoS-241Creation Of Office Of School SafetyEnacted5/17/23New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—$1M
2023ConnecticutH-5525Department of Public Health for Gun Violence PreventionFailed4/21/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$10.8M over two years; $400,000 ongoing
2023ConnecticutH-5653Excise Tax on AmmunitionFailed4/20/23TaxEstablishes a tax on the manufacture, retail sale, and/or purchase of guns and/or ammunition to fund violence intervention and prevention
2023ConnecticutH-5771Medicaid CoverageFailed3/23/23MedicaidAuthorizes or expands Medicaid reimbursement for violence prevention services
2023ConnecticutH-6659State BudgetFailed5/4/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—approx. $9M over two years; $1.4M via ARPA
2023ConnecticutH-6941State BudgetEnacted6/27/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—approx. $18.3M (includes multiyear appropriation); $1.4M via ARPA (2023)
2023ConnecticutH-6942Adjusting Bonds of the StateEnacted6/29/23New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—authorizes proceeds from state bonds to fund CVI
2023–24District of ColumbiaB-203Fiscal Year 2024 Local Budget Act of 2023Enacted8/29/23FundingAppropriates funding for broad purposes that include CVI
2023FloridaH-403Community Violence InterventionFailed3/7/23New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—unspecified funding
2023FloridaS-2500AppropriationsVetoed6/16/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$850,000 for violence interruption program; $5M dedicated to CVI was vetoed
2023FloridaS-428Community Violence Intervention and Prevention GrantFailed3/7/23Companion BillCompanion Bill—see HB 403
2023–24IllinoisH-2532Violence PreventionPending Action6/26/23FundingJurisdiction and program specific allocation(s); CVI-related appropriation(s)—$56M
2023–24IllinoisH-2659Criminal Justice Information AuthorityPending Action2/16/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s); Jurisdiction and program specific allocation(s)—approx. $23.5M; approx: $20.2M via ARPA
2023–24IllinoisS-2489Criminal Justice Information AuthorityPending Action2/21/23Companion BillCompanion Bill—see HB 2659
2023–24IllinoisS-2523Department of Commerce and Economic OpportunityPending Action2/21/23FundingAppropriates funding for broad purposes that include CVI—approx. $51M
2023IndianaH-1360Medicaid Violence Prevention ServicesFailed1/17/23MedicaidAuthorizes or expands Medicaid reimbursement for violence prevention services
2023MarylandH-200Fiscal Year Budget BillEnacted4/24/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s); Jurisdiction and program specific allocation(s)—approx $8M
2023MarylandH-974Gun Violence Victim Relocation Program and FundFailed2/13/23Companion BillCompanion Bill—see SB 921
2023MarylandS-181Fiscal Year Budget BillFailed1/20/23Companion BillCompanion Bill—see HB 200
2024MarylandS-360Budget Bill Fiscal Year 2025Introduced1/17/24FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—approx $37M
2023MarylandS-598Violence Intervention and Prevention Program FundFailed2/22/23FundingEstablishes a CVI program or fund; CVI-related appropriation(s)—$40M annually
2023MarylandS-833Prince George’s County Violence Reduction ProgramFailed3/26/23FundingEstablishes a CVI program or fund; Jurisdiction and Program Specific Allocation(s)—$1M annually
2023–24MassachusettsH-1199Hospital Based Violence Intervention and PreventionPending Action10/3/23MedicaidAuthorizes or expands Medicaid reimbursement for violence prevention services
2023–24MassachusettsH-2297Violence Prevention Trust FundPending Action9/6/23New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund —Up to $25 million per year
2023–24MassachusettsH-2771Excise Tax on Guns and AmmunitionPending Action9/7/23TaxEstablishes a tax on the manufacture, retail sale, and/or purchase of guns and/or ammunition to fund violence intervention and prevention; appropriates funding for broad purposes that include CVI
2023–24MassachusettsH-4040AppropriationsEnacted10/5/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s); Establishes a CVI program or fund—approx. $44.3M; replaced HB 3901; SB 2400; HB 3900—approx. $44.3M; replaced HB 3901; SB 2400; HB 3900
2023–24MassachusettsS-1495Firearms and Firearms ViolencePending Action11/20/23TaxEstablishes a tax on the manufacture, retail sale, and/or purchase of guns and/or ammunition to fund violence intervention and prevention
2023–24MichiganH-4016Departmental AppropriationsEnacted3/8/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$10.8M via ARPA
2023–24MichiganH-4437Departmental AppropriationsEnacted9/6/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$5M
2023–24MinnesotaH-1712Public SafetyPending Action2/13/23Companion BillCompanion Bill—see HB 1712
2023–24MinnesotaH-25Public SafetyPending Action2/20/23New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—up to $30M annually
2023–24MinnesotaH-2873Pilot Program to Reduce Trauma From Gun ViolencePending Action3/13/23FundingEstablishes a CVI program or fund; Appropriates funding for broad purposes that include CVI—$5M
2023–24MinnesotaH-600Public SafetyPending Action1/19/23Companion BillCompanion Bill—see SB 393
2023–24MinnesotaS-1549Task Force on Youth InterventionsPending Action3/20/23New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—unspecified funding
2023–24MinnesotaS-2909State GovernmentEnacted5/19/23FundingEstablishes a CVI program or fund; CVI-related appropriation(s)—approx. $75M
2023–24MinnesotaS-3196Pilot Program to Reduce Trauma from Gun ViolencePending Action3/30/23Companion BillCompanion Bill—see HB 2873
2023–24MinnesotaS-3307Legislative EnactmentsEnacted5/26/23FundingJurisdiction and program specific allocation(s); CVI-related appropriation(s)—$5M
2023–24MinnesotaS-393Public SafetyPending Action1/19/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s); Jurisdiction and program specific allocation(s)—$10M
2023MissouriH-11Appropriation BillEnacted9/13/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s); Jurisdiction and program specific allocation(s)—approx. $2M
2022–23New JerseyA-4978Division of Violence Intervention and Victim AssistanceEnacted10/17/23New Office/AgencyEstablishes a state office/agency with a focus on prevention and intervention—unspecified funding
2022–23New JerseyA-5326Seabrooks-Washington Community-Led Crisis Response ActEnacted1/12/24New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—$12M
2022–23New JerseyA-5669State BudgetEnacted6/30/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$10M
2024New MexicoH-144Gun Violence Prevention OfficeIntroduced1/31/24New Office/AgencyEstablishes an office/agency with a focus on violence prevention and intervention
2023New MexicoH-404Violence Intervention Program ActFailed2/14/23New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—$15M
2023–24New YorkA-1809Non Profit Violence Intervention ProgramsPending Action1/3/24Workforce DevelopmentSupports CVI worker training, workforce development, wages and benefits, and/or wellness
2023–24New YorkA-3003Aid to Localities BudgetEnacted5/12/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s); Jurisdiction and program specific allocation(s)—approx $96M; $18M via TANF (federal); $5.4M via Bryne JAG (federal); $7.3M for broad purposes
2023–24New YorkA-4571Community Violence Intervention and Prevention ActPending Action1/3/24New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund—at least $10M via VOCA
2023–24New YorkA-5199Excise Tax on Sale of AmmunitionPending Action1/3/24Companion BillCompanion Bill—see SB 270
2023–24New YorkA-7302Operation SNUG ProgramPending Action1/3/24Companion BillCompanion Bill—see SB 2364
2023–24New YorkS-2364Operation SNUG ProgramPassed 1st Chamber1/22/24Reauthorization/ExpansionReauthorizes and/or expands state’s violence intervention program; CVI-related appropriation(s)—$30 million
2023–24New YorkS-270Tax on Sale of AmmunitionPending Action1/3/24TaxEstablishes a tax on the manufacture, retail sale, and/or purchase of guns and/or ammunition to fund violence intervention and prevention
2023–24New YorkS-4000State Operations BudgetEnacted5/12/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$500,000
2023–24New YorkS-580Community Violence Prevention ServicesEnacted10/17/23MedicaidAuthorizes or expands Medicaid reimbursement for violence prevention services
2023–24North CarolinaH-843Office of Violence PreventionPending Action4/25/23New Office/AgencyEstablishes a state office/agency with a focus on prevention and intervention; Establishes a CVI program or fund; CVI-related appropriation—$10M
2023OregonS-5506Emergency Board for Allocations During BienniumEnacted8/21/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s); Jurisdiction and program specific allocation(s); Appropriates funding for broad purposes that include CVI—$13.75M over two years
2023–24Pennsylvania H-1130Safe Communities Grant ProgramPassed 1st Chamber7/27/23New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund
2023–24Pennsylvania H-1552Appropriation of Federal FundsPending Action6/29/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$30M
2023–24Pennsylvania H-611General Fund AppropriationsEnacted9/22/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$40M
2023–24Pennsylvania S-301Executive Office AppropriationsPending Action3/28/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$105M
2023–24Pennsylvania S-480State Agency AppropriationsPending Action3/28/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$30M
2023–24South CarolinaH-3480Community Violence Intervention and Prevention DivisionPending Action1/10/23New Office/AgencyEstablishes a state office/agency with a focus on prevention and intervention; Establishes a CVI program or fund
2023–24TennesseeH-1545AppropriationsEnacted5/18/23FundingJurisdiction and program specific allocation(s)—$2M
2023–24TennesseeH-1738TenncareIntroduced1/11/24MedicaidAuthorizes or expands Medicaid reimbursement for violence prevention services
2023–24TennesseeH-1845Violence Intervention ProgramIntroduced1/24/24New Office/AgencyEstablishes a state office/agency with a focus on prevention and intervention
2023–24TennesseeS-1649Department of FinanceIntroduced1/10/24New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund —unspecified funding
2023–24VermontH-494Appropriations For the Support of GovernmentEnacted6/28/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—$5M
2023–24VermontS-4Juveniles and Dangerous WeaponsEnacted6/1/23New Program/FundEstablishes a state office/agency with a focus on prevention and intervention—unspecified funding
2024–25VirginiaH-1181Virginia Gun Violence Intervention and Prevention GrantIntroduced2/2/24TaxEstablishes a tax on the manufacture, retail sale, and/or purchase of guns and/or ammunition to fund violence intervention and prevention
2024–25VirginiaH-602Virginia Center for Firearm Violence InterventionIntroduced2/7/24New Program/FundEstablishes a CVI program or fund
2024–25VirginiaS-29Budget BillIntroduced1/10/24FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—approx. $500,000; Introduced concurrently w/ HB29
2024–25VirginiaS-30Budget BillIntroduced1/10/24New Office/AgencyEstablishes a state office/agency with a focus on prevention and intervention—$82.4 M over 2 years; Introduced concurrently w/ HB 30
2024–25VirginiaS-800Budget BillFailed2/22/23FundingEstablishes a CVI program or fund; CVI-related appropriation(s)—approx. $12.6M over two years; $25M over two years for broad purposes
2023–24WashingtonH-1140Fiscal Biennium Operating AppropriationsPending Action4/3/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s); Jurisdiction and program specific allocation(s)—approx. $39.7M over two years; $200M over two years for broad purposes
2023–24WashingtonH-1141Fiscal Biennium Second Supplemental AppropriationIntroduced1/11/23FundingCVI-related appropriation(s)—approx. $10.1M
2023–24WisconsinA-931Community Violence InterventionIntroduced1/12/24New Office/AgencyEstablishes a state office/agency with a focus on prevention and intervention—unspecified funding
2023–24WisconsinS-901Community Violence InterventionIntroduced1/11/24New Office/AgencyEstablishes a state office/agency with a focus on prevention and intervention—unspecified funding

What We Track

CVI-PATH focuses on bills introduced through the legislative process and does not include comprehensive information on policy changes made through other avenues, such as executive orders. The tracker also excludes monies from federal funding sources such as the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) and Victims of Crime Act (VOCA), unless otherwise specified.  

We track the following main policy categories:

Companion Bill

The Companion Bill category is specifically designed to track similar or identical pieces of legislation that are introduced concurrently in both the Senate and the House. 

Funding

The Funding category consolidates all CVI-related appropriations, including annual appropriations, jurisdiction and program-specific allocations, and some funding for broader purposes that include CVI. Funding may be related to the establishment or continuation of programs focused on community-based organizations working in violence intervention and prevention, accounting for both increases and decreases in funding.

However, it excludes bills related to the reauthorization and expansion of state programs focused on altering the program’s scope rather than funding. Funding primarily focused on law enforcement or appropriations not clearly inclusive of CVI are also not considered under this category.

Medicaid

The Medicaid category is defined by specific criteria focused on Medicaid’s role in funding violence prevention and intervention. It includes legislation that enables state Medicaid agencies to reimburse for violence prevention services, particularly those expanding coverage for CVI services or authorizing the use of Medicaid funds for such purposes. 

New Office/Agency

The New Office/Agency category includes legislation that aims to create statewide offices or agencies specifically dedicated to CVI. This category focuses on new institutional structures with a clear mandate to address and reduce community violence through intervention and prevention strategies, though they may have a broader mandate. 

The category excludes efforts that do not specifically focus on reducing community violence, are designed for local or non-statewide efforts, or lack a clear jurisdictional mandate for statewide CVI activities. 

New Program/Fund

The New Program/Fund category encompasses legislation aimed at creating new grant programs or funds specifically for CVI. This includes bills that establish new programs for CBOs focused on violence intervention and prevention. The category is inclusive of initiatives with or without specified appropriations and those directing federal funds to establish CVI programs. 

However, it excludes reauthorization or expansion of existing grant programs, funding for law enforcement or taskforces, and preventative programs not centered on community violence. The focus is on new, dedicated initiatives for CVI, clearly distinguishing them from broader or previously established programs.

Reauthorization/Expansion

The Reauthorization/Expansion category focuses on legislation that renews or broadens existing Community Violence Intervention (CVI) programs or funds. In addition to legislation reauthorizing existing programs, this category also captures expansions and modifications to existing state-level CVI programs, such as expanding service coverage to new cities or populations. The focus is on enhancing and sustaining ongoing CVI initiatives. 

However, this category excludes newly established grant programs or funds, expansions that only involve budget increases without substantive changes to the program’s scope or mandate. Legislative changes shifting the program’s focus away from CVI are marked under this category as a “regression.”

Tax

The Tax category refers to legislation that creates or increases taxes with the explicit intention of directing the revenue generated towards CVI programs and efforts. This category focuses on creating sustainable funding streams for CVI initiatives through taxation of the gun industry. 

This category excludes bills that do not direct a significant share of the resulting tax revenue to CVI work. 

Workforce Development

The Workforce Development category includes legislation focused on aiding the CVI workforce. It encompasses bills that provide support for CVI workers in aspects such as, but not limited to, training, workforce development, improved wages, benefits, and wellness programs. 

This category excludes legislation that does not specifically center the training, development, and well-being of CVI workers, ensuring a focused approach on the human resource aspect of CVI initiatives. 

Note

While we strive to track jurisdiction- and program-specific allocations, we may not have access to complete information about every organization operating within every state. CVI-PATH should not be considered an exhaustive picture of all public funding received by community violence intervention organizations.

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