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States that allow firearms in sensitive or dangerous places are needlessly endangering the lives of their residents.

Prohibiting the open and concealed carrying of guns in locations such as bars and childcare facilities is a critical step towards saving lives from gun violence. The gun lobby’s efforts to allow guns in more and more places where groups of people gather is a critical threat to public safety.

Background

All states place at least some restrictions on who, how, and where people can carry guns in public. While most states use a licensing process to address who can carry concealed, and in some cases, openly visible guns, all states restrict to varying degrees where licensed and unlicensed individuals may carry firearms.

Typically, states prohibit guns completely or partially in places where the presence of guns is particularly dangerous, such as where people consume alcohol, where tensions can flare, such as at sporting events or airports, or where there is a high danger that the presence of guns might chill First Amendment rights, such as at polling places and legislative buildings.

The gun lobby has claimed that “gun-free zones” invite mass shootings, but this claim has been thoroughly debunked. Since 1966, the overwhelming majority—nearly 90%—of all mass shootings resulting in six or more deaths have occurred wholly or partly in locations where civilian guns were allowed or there was armed security or law enforcement present.1

Though many of the areas where states prohibit gun possession are public or government-owned property, some of the sensitive areas described above are private property open to the public. When guns are not particularly or unusually dangerous on private property, states generally allow owners to make decisions about whether or not to allow guns on their property. In recent years, however, state legislatures that are friendly to the gun lobby have begun chipping away at private property owners’ right to prohibit guns on their properties.

Summary of Federal Law

Federal law restricts gun possession on certain types of federal property and near schools, though this is subject to several exceptions:

Federal Facilities: Generally, federal law prohibits a person from knowingly possessing or attempting to possess a firearm in a federal facility, which is defined as “a building or part thereof owned or leased by the Federal Government, where Federal employees are regularly present for the purpose of performing their official duties.”2

Post Offices: Firearms are prohibited on postal property, including parking lots, whether carried openly or concealed.3

Airports and Airplanes: Firearms are prohibited in “sterile areas” of airports, which are those portions of an airport that provide passengers access to boarding aircraft and to which the access generally is controlled by Transportation Security Administration, or by an aircraft operator, through the screening of persons and property.4 Firearms are generally prohibited on airplanes except when an individual is transporting a weapon (except a loaded firearm) in baggage not accessible to a passenger in flight and the air carrier was informed of the presence of the weapon.5

Capitol Building: Federal law prohibits firearms in the federal Capitol building except as authorized by regulations prescribed by the Capitol Police Board.6

K—12 Schools: The Gun-Free School Zones Act (GFSZA) prohibits any person from knowingly possessing a firearm at a place the individual knows, or has reasonable cause to believe, is a “school zone.”7 A school zone is defined as in, or on the grounds of, or within a distance of 1,000 feet from the grounds of, a public, parochial or private school that provides elementary or secondary education.8 However, individuals with state-issued concealed carry permits are not prohibited by the GFSZA from possessing a gun in a school zone. For a more complete discussion of the GFSZA, visit our Guns in Schools Policy Page.9

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Where guns may not be prohibited

In 1983, President Ronald Reagan’s administration implemented regulations that prohibited guns in national parks and national wildlife refuges unless they were packed or kept in a manner that would prevent their ready use, such as being stored in a locked car trunk.10 Reversing that decision in 2008, Oklahoma Senator Tom Coburn inserted an amendment into the Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act that prevents the secretary of the interior from making or enforcing any laws that would restrict or prevent the carrying of firearms in national parks or wildlife refuges.

Today, any person may possess, carry, and transport concealed, loaded, and operable firearms within a national park or national wildlife refuge in accordance with the laws of the state in which the park or refuge is located.11

Summary of State Law

All states prohibit the concealed or open carry of handguns or long guns in at least some areas. In many cases, a prohibition on guns in a particular location will apply to guns carried openly or concealed, regardless of whether an individual has a concealed carry permit (CCW). However, some states leave loopholes in which openly carried guns are permissible where concealed guns are not.

Government Buildings & Meetings

Some or all guns are off-limits in the following categories of government buildings and meetings in the listed states. It should be noted that there is significant overlap in the locations covered by different tables, and many inquiries about a state’s laws may require consulting several tables.

For example, if a state wants to restrict carrying firearms at meetings of the state legislature, it can make the restriction specific to meetings of the state legislature, restrict carry in the State Capitol, or restrict carry in all government buildings. A state that prohibits carry in all government buildings is unlikely to have laws specifically restricting carry in the State Capitol or in meetings of the legislature because they would be redundant, so that state would not appear in the “Meetings of the State Legislature” table, even though the state does have a law restricting carry in that situation.

States that Prohibit Firearms in Airports
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Arkansas12Prohibited
(Enhanced CCW permittees are allowed)
Allowed
Georgia13Allowed
Prohibited
(CCW permittees may be allowed)
Illinois14Prohibited
Prohibited
Michigan15
(Passenger terminals)
Prohibited
(Enhanced CCW permittees are allowed)
Allowed
Nevada16Prohibited
Allowed
Virginia17Prohibited
Prohibited
As noted above, federal law prohibits firearms in sterile areas of airports. These states go above and beyond federal law by prohibiting firearms in general access areas as well.
States that Prohibit Firearms in Courthouses and Courtrooms
State Concealed Carry
Open Carry
Alabama18Prohibited
Prohibited
Arkansas
(Courtrooms only)19
Prohibited
Prohibited
Alaska20Prohibited
Prohibited
Arkansas
(Courtrooms only)21
Prohibited
Prohibited
Florida22Prohibited
Prohibited23
Georgia24Prohibited
Prohibited
Illinois25Prohibited
Prohibited
Kentucky26Prohibited
Prohibited
Louisiana27Prohibited
(Judges exempt)
Allowed
Maine28Prohibited
Prohibited
Michigan29Allowed
Prohibited
(People with CCW permits may be allowed)
Minnesota30Allowed
(Must notify sheriff of intention to carry)
Prohibited
(People with CCW permits may be allowed)
Mississippi31Prohibited
(Enhanced CCW permittees can carry in courthouses, but not in courtrooms during proceedings)
Prohibited
(Enhanced CCW permittees can carry in courthouses, but not in courtrooms during proceedings)
Missouri32Prohibited
Allowed
New Hampshire 33Prohibited
Prohibited
New Mexico 34Prohibited
Prohibited
Nebraska 35Prohibited
Allowed
Nevada 36Prohibited
Prohibited
North Carolina 37Prohibited
(Judges are exempt)
Prohibited
(State courthouses)
Ohio 38Prohibited
Prohibited
Oklahoma 39Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)40
Oregon 41Allowed
Prohibited
Pennsylvania 42Prohibited
Prohibited
South Carolina 43Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)
South Dakota 44Prohibited
Prohibited
Tennessee 45
(Only while proceedings are in progress)
Prohibited
(Judges are exempt)
Prohibited
Texas 46Prohibited
Prohibited
Vermont 47Prohibited
Prohibited
Virginia 48Prohibited
Prohibited
Washington 49 (Restricted areas)Prohibited
Prohibited
West Virginia 50Prohibited
Prohibited
Wisconsin 51Prohibited
Prohibited
Wyoming 52 (Courtrooms only)Prohibited
Prohibited
See the ‘Government-Owned Buildings’ table for states that may also prohibit guns in courthouses but do not specifically prohibit guns in courthouses.
States that Prohibit Firearms in Government-Owned Buildings
State Concealed Carry
Open Carry
California53Allowed
Prohibited54
Illinois55Prohibited
Prohibited
Kansas56
(Only buildings with security screenings)
Prohibited
Allowed
Nevada57Prohibited
Allowed
North Dakota58
(Does not apply to public rest areas or restrooms)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Ohio59
(See footnote for exceptions)
Prohibited
Allowed
Oklahoma60
(Only government buildings used to conduct business with the public)
Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)61
Oregon62Allowed
Allowed
South Carolina63Prohibited
Prohibited
Wisconsin64Allowed
Prohibited
(CCW permittees may be allowed)
Laws that prohibit guns in government-owned buildings apply broadly to other specific categories of government property, such as courthouses, meetings of the state legislature, local government meetings, law enforcement offices, and the state capitol and state offices.
States that Prohibit Firearms in Law Enforcement Stations or Offices
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Alabama65Prohibited
Prohibited
Arkansas66Prohibited
(Enhanced CCW permittees may be allowed)
Prohibited
Florida67Prohibited
Prohibited68
Kentucky69Prohibited
Allowed
Louisiana70Prohibited
Allowed
Michigan71Prohibited
Prohibited
Missouri72Prohibited
Allowed
North Carolina73Prohibited
Allowed
Nebraska74Prohibited
Allowed
Nevada75Prohibited
Allowed
Ohio76Prohibited
Allowed
South Carolina77Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)
Washington78 (Restricted access areas)Prohibited
Prohibited
Wisconsin79Prohibited
Prohibited
Wyoming 80Prohibited
Allowed
See the ‘Government-Owned Buildings’ table for states that may also prohibit guns in law enforcement stations but do not specifically prohibit guns in law enforcement stations.
States that Prohibit Firearms in Local Government Meetings
State Concealed Carry
Open Carry
Alabama81Prohibited
Prohibited
Arkansas82Prohibited (Enhanced CCW permittees are allowed)
Allowed
California83Allowed
Prohibited84
Florida85Prohibited
Prohibited86
Kentucky87Prohibited
(Members of meeting body are exempt)
Allowed
Missouri88Prohibited
(Members of meeting body are exempt)
Allowed
Nebraska89Prohibited
Allowed
South Carolina90Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)
Texas91Allowed
(Unless there is ‘effective notice’ of prohibition)
Allowed
(Long guns only. Concealed carry permittees can have visible handguns in shoulder or belt holsters, unless there is effective notice of prohibition)
Wyoming92Prohibited
Allowed
See the ‘Government-Owned Buildings’ table for states that may also prohibit guns in local government meetings but do not specifically prohibit guns in local government meetings.
States that Prohibit Firearms in Meetings of the State Legislature
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
California93Prohibited
Prohibited
Florida94Prohibited
Prohibited95
Kentucky96Prohibited
(Legislators are exempt)
Allowed
Michigan97Allowed
Allowed
Missouri98Prohibited
Allowed
Nebraska99Prohibited
Allowed
Texas100Allowed
(Unless there is ‘effective notice’ of prohibition)
Allowed
(Long guns only. Concealed carry permittees can have visible handguns in shoulder or belt holsters, unless there is ‘effective notice’ of prohibition)
Wyoming101Prohibited
Allowed
See the ‘Government-Owned Buildings’ and the ‘State Capitol’ tables for states that may also prohibit guns in meetings of the state legislature but do not specifically prohibit guns in meetings of the state legislature.
States that Prohibit Firearms in Public Transit
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
California102
(Sterile areas)
Allowed
Prohibited103
Colorado104
(Facilities only)
Prohibited
Prohibited
District of Columbia105
(Vehicles only)
Prohibited
Prohibited106
Illinois107Prohibited
Prohibited
States that Prohibit Firearms in the State Capitol / State House / State Offices
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Alabama108
(State House)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Arkansas109
(State Capitol)
Prohibited
(Enhanced CCW permittees are allowed)
Prohibited
California110
(State Capitol)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Colorado111
(General assembly buildings)
Allowed
Prohibited
Connecticut112Prohibited
Prohibited
District of Columbia113
(US Capitol buildings. District of Columbia government buildings)
Prohibited
Prohibited114
Georgia115
(Government buildings)
Allowed
Prohibited
(CCW permittees may be allowed)
Idaho116Prohibited
Prohibited
Iowa117
(State Capitol)
Allowed
Prohibited
Minnesota118
(State Capitol)
Allowed
(Must provide notice of intention to carry to sheriff)
Prohibited
(CCW permittees may be allowed)
Louisiana119
(State Capitol)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Michigan120
(Meeting place of the legislature)
Allowed
Allowed
Montana 121
(State offices)
Prohibited
Allowed
North Carolina 122
(State Capitol. State and federal offices)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Nevada 123
(Legislative building)
Prohibited
Prohibited
South Carolina 124Prohibited
Prohibited
South Dakota 125Prohibited (Enhanced CCW permittees who provide notice are allowed)
Prohibited
Virginia126
(State Capitol)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Washington127Allowed
Prohibited
West Virginia 128Prohibited
Prohibited
See the ‘Government-Owned Buildings’ table for states that may also prohibit guns in these state buildings but do not specifically prohibit guns in specific state buildings.

Government-Owned Land

In addition to prohibiting guns in government buildings, many states also restrict carry on government-owned land, like parks and wildlife preserves.

States that Prohibit Firearms in Public Parks
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
South Carolina129Allowed
Prohibited
Oklahoma130Allowed
Prohibited
States that Prohibit Firearms in State Parks
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
California131
(See footnote for exceptions)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Georgia132Allowed
Prohibited
(CCW permittees may be allowed)
Maine133
(See footnote for exceptions)
Prohibited
Prohibited
New Mexico134
(Loaded firearms. See footnote for exceptions)
Allowed
Allowed
(Unloaded firearms only)
New York135
(Firearms are allowed for permitted hunting)
Prohibited
Prohibited
States that Prohibit Firearms in State Wildlife Management Areas / Wildlife Preserves or Refuges
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Alabama136
(People with permits to carry in parks are allowed)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Georgia137
(Firearms are allowed for permitted hunting)
Allowed
Prohibited
(CCW permittees may be allowed)
Minnesota138
(Firearms are allowed for permitted hunting. See footnote for more details)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Montana139Prohibited
Prohibited
Nebraska140
(Firearms allowed for specially permitted hunting)
Prohibited
Prohibited
New Mexico141
(Firearms are allowed with a permit issued by the agency director)
Prohibited
Prohibited
North Dakota142Prohibited
Prohibited
Tennessee143
(Firearms are allowed during hunting season)
Allowed
Prohibited
(CCW permittees may be allowed)
Vermont144Prohibited
Prohibited
Wisconsin145
(Firearms stored unloaded and encased are allowed)
Allowed
Prohibited

Private Property Open to the Public

Many states restrict carrying firearms in certain types of private property where conflict may be likely, such as bars, or in places like banks, houses of worship, or polling places where firearms may raise additional concerns. Three states restrict carry in banks. Twenty-three states and the District of Columbia restrict carrying firearms in at least some establishments that serve alcohol. Thirteen states and DC restrict the carry of firearms in houses of worship. Ten states and DC restrict carrying firearms at polling places.

States that Prohibit Firearms in Banks
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Michigan146Allowed
Prohibited
Montana147
(See footnote for exceptions)
Prohibited
Allowed
Nebraska148Prohibited
Allowed
States that Prohibit Firearms in Bars or Restaurants Serving Alcohol
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Alaska149Prohibited
Prohibited
Arkansas150Allowed
Allowed
Arizona151
(See our page Other Location Restrictions in Arizona for more information)
May be allowed
Prohibited
District of Columbia152Prohibited
Prohibited153
Florida154Prohibited
Prohibited155
Illinois156
(See footnote for more detail)
Allowed*
Prohibited157
(CCW permittees are allowed to have their gun partially exposed)
Kentucky158
(Loaded firearms. See footnote for more detail)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Louisiana159
(See footnote for more detail)
Allowed*
Prohibited
Maine160
(Posted notice required)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Michigan161Prohibited
Prohibited
Mississippi162
(See footnote for more detail)
Prohibited
Allowed
Missouri163
(See footnote for more detail)
Prohibited
Allowed
New Mexico 164
(See footnote for more detail)
Allowed*
Prohibited
Nebraska 165
(See footnote for more detail)
Prohibited
Allowed
North Carolina 166
(See footnote for more detail)
Allowed
Prohibited
North Dakota 167
(Areas off-limits to people under 21)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Ohio 168Allowed
Prohibited
Oklahoma 169
(See footnote for more detail)
Allowed*
Prohibited
South Carolina 170Allowed
Prohibited
South Dakota 171
(See footnote for more detail)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Texas 172
(See footnote for more detail)
Allowed*
Prohibited
Washington 173
(Places off-limit to people under 21)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Wisconsin 174Allowed
Prohibited
(CCW permittees may be allowed)
Wyoming 175
(See footnote for more detail)
Prohibited
Prohibited
In states with an *, firearms are allowed in certain restaurants but not in bars.
Many of these states exempt CCW permittees from the ban on carrying firearms in bars and restaurants. Generally, however, these states also prohibit a person carrying a firearm from consuming alcohol while carrying.
States that Prohibit Firearms in Places of Worship
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Arkansas176Prohibited
Allowed
District of Columbia177Prohibited
Prohibited178
Georgia179Prohibited
Prohibited
Louisiana180Prohibited
Prohibited
Michigan181Prohibited
Prohibited
Mississippi182Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)
Missouri183Prohibited
Allowed
North Dakota184Prohibited
Prohibited
Nebraska185
(Security personnel are allowed)
Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)
Ohio186Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)
South Carolina187Prohibited
Allowed
Texas188Allowed
(Unless there is ‘effective notice’ of prohibition)
Allowed
(Long guns only. Concealed carry permittees can have visible handguns in shoulder or belt holsters, unless there is ‘effective notice’ of prohibition)
Utah 189Prohibited
Prohibited
Virginia 190
(See footnote for further discussion)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Although these states prohibit firearms in houses of worship, some allow the governing body of the institution to grant general or specific permission to individuals to carry on its property.
States that Prohibit Firearms in Polling Places
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Arizona191Prohibited
Prohibited
California192Prohibited
Prohibited
District of Columbia193Prohibited
Prohibited194
Florida195Prohibited
Prohibited196
Georgia197Prohibited
Prohibited
Louisiana198Prohibited
Prohibited
Mississippi199Prohibited
Allowed
Missouri200Prohibited
Allowed
Nebraska201Prohibited
Allowed
South Carolina202Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)
Texas203Prohibited
Prohibited
Additional restrictions may apply to polling places held in school buildings. See our page on Guns in Schools for possible additional restrictions. See also the ‘Government Buildings and Meetings’ section above for possible additional restrictions.

Healthcare and Childcare Facilities

The carrying of firearms is prohibited in K-12 schools in most states across the country, many states have gone further and prohibited carrying firearms in other areas where children are frequently present. Ten states and DC prohibit carrying firearms in at least some childcare facilities.

States have also taken steps to restrict the carry of firearms in healthcare facilities to ensure the safety of patients and caregivers. Seven states restrict carry in all hospitals, and 12 states restrict carry in at least some facilities providing mental health care.

States that Prohibit Firearms in Day Care and Childcare Facilities
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Alaska204
(See footnote for exceptions)
Prohibited
Prohibited
District of Columbia205Prohibited
Prohibited206
Illinois207
(See footnote for exceptions)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Kentucky208Prohibited
Allowed
Michigan209Prohibited
Prohibited
Missouri210
(See footnote for exceptions)
Prohibited
Allowed
Nevada211
(See footnote for exceptions)
Prohibited
Prohibited
South Carolina212Prohibited
Allowed213
(Long guns only)
Virginia214Prohibited
Prohibited
States that Prohibit Firearms in Residential Childcare Facilities
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Idaho215Prohibited
Prohibited
Indiana216Prohibited
Prohibited
Michigan217Prohibited
Allowed
New York218
(Applies only to employees, volunteers, and consultants)
Prohibited
Prohibited
States that Prohibit Firearms in Hospitals
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Illinois219
(Includes nursing homes)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Michigan220Prohibited
Prohibited
Missouri221Prohibited
Allowed
Nebraska222Prohibited
Allowed
Oregon223Allowed
Prohibited
(CCW permittees may be allowed)
South Carolina224Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)
Texas225Allowed
(Unless there is “effective notice” of prohibition)
Allowed
(Long guns only. Concealed carry permittees can have visible handguns in shoulder or belt holsters, unless there is ‘effective notice’ of prohibition)
States that Prohibit Firearms in Mental Health Facilities
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Alabama226
(Inpatient facilities)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Florida227Prohibited
Prohibited228
Georgia229
(State facilities that admit individuals involuntarily)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Illinois230Prohibited
Prohibited
Minnesota231
(Certain state mental health hospitals)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Mississippi232
(Certain state mental health hospitals)
Prohibited
Prohibited
New York233Prohibited
Prohibited
Ohio234Prohibited
Prohibited
Utah235
(Secure areas)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Washington236
(Secure areas)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Wisconsin237
(Secure areas)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Wyoming238
(Certain state mental health hospitals)
Prohibited
Prohibited

Entertainment Facilities and other large gatherings

Many states have taken steps to protect their residents by restricting the carry of firearms in areas where large numbers of people gather, and where emotions tend to be running high. Three states restrict carry in amusement parks. 12 states and DC restrict carry of firearms in athletic events, stadiums or arenas. Five states restrict carry in areas where gambling is taking place. Eight states and DC restrict at least some forms of firearm carry at demonstrations and protests.

States that Prohibit Firearms in Amusement Parks
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Illinois239Prohibited
Prohibited
Missouri240Prohibited
Allowed
Texas241
(Notice required)
Allowed
(Unless there is “effective notice” of prohibition)
Allowed
(Long guns only. Concealed carry permittees can have visible handguns in shoulder or belt holsters, unless there is ‘effective notice’ of prohibition)
States that Prohibit Firearms in Athletic Events / Stadiums or Arenas
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Alabama242Allowed
Prohibited
Arkansas243Prohibited
(Enhanced CCW permittees are allowed)
Allowed
District of Columbia244Prohibited
Prohibited245
Florida246Prohibited
Prohibited247
Illinois248
(Public events where admission is charged)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Michigan249Prohibited
Prohibited
Mississippi250Prohibited
(Enhanced CCW permittees are allowed)
Allowed
Missouri251Prohibited
Allowed
North Dakota252Prohibited
Prohibited
Nebraska253Prohibited
Allowed
Oklahoma254
(Firearms allowed with permission from owner of premises)
Prohibited
Allowed255
(Long guns only)
South Carolina256
(School or college athletic events)
Prohibited
Allowed257
(Long guns only)
Wyoming 258Prohibited
Allowed
States that Prohibit Firearms in Bingo Halls and Gambling Facilities
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Illinois259Prohibited
Prohibited
Indiana260Prohibited
Prohibited
Missouri261
(Riverboat gambling)
Prohibited
Allowed
North Dakota262
(Bingo halls)
Prohibited
Prohibited
Oklahoma263
(Firearms allowed with permission of owner)
Prohibited
Allowed
(Long guns only)264
States that Prohibit Firearms at Demonstrations, Protests, or Licensed Public Gatherings
StateConcealed Carry
Open Carry
Alabama265Prohibited
Prohibited
Arkansas266
(Applies only to participants in permitted demonstrations)
Prohibited
Allowed
District of Columbia267Prohibited
Prohibited268
Illinois269Prohibited
Prohibited
Louisiana270
(Permitted demonstrations or parades)
Prohibited
Allowed
Maryland271Prohibited
Prohibited
Mississippi272Prohibited
Allowed
North Carolina273Prohibited
Prohibited

Outdoor Music Festivals

Washington prohibits concealed and open carry at outdoor music festivals.274

Private Property

Recognizing the sanctity of private property rights in the American legal system, state and local governments generally give private property owners the ability to determine whether guns are allowed on their personal and commercial properties.

Some states, however, have begun chipping away at the rights of owners to exclude guns from their properties if the properties are commercial or open to the public. States have encroached on private property rights by either requiring property owners to allow employees or customers to store their firearms in cars parked on the owner’s parking lot, or by immunizing property owners from liability for acts committed with firearms on their properties only if the owner allows firearms.

Parking Lots

In addition to requiring private property owners to allow employees or customers to store guns in their vehicles in the owner’s parking lots, many of the states listed below also require private property owners who wish to exclude guns from their properties to post notice of the exclusion according to specifications.275

States that Require Property Owners to Allow the Storage of Guns in Cars in their Parking Lots
StateEveryone can store guns in vehicles in parking lotsOnly people with concealed carry permits can store guns in vehicles in parking lots
Only employees can store guns in vehicles in parking lots
Alabama276
Only those with CCW permits, or hunting permits during hunting season
Alaska277Yes
Arizona278Yes
Arkansas279Yes
Florida280Yes
Georgia281
Only those with CCW permits
Illinois282Yes
Indiana283
Yes
Kansas284
Yes
Kentucky285Yes
Louisiana286Yes (with some exceptions)
Maine287
Only those with CCW permits
Minnesota288Yes
Mississippi289Yes (does not apply in parking lots with restricted access)
Missouri290
State employees only
Nebraska291Yes
North Carolina292Yes
North Dakota293Yes
Ohio294Yes
Oklahoma295Yes
Tennessee296Yes
Texas297
Only those with CCW permits
Utah298Yes
West Virginia299Yes
Wisconsin300Yes

Civil Liability Immunity as an Incentive to Allow Guns

In order to incentivize property owners to allow guns, some states have passed laws immunizing property owners from liability for any harms resulting from guns being allowed on their property.

  • Idaho (Employers who allow firearms in vehicles are immune)301
  • Kansas (A property owner who allows concealed handguns or provides adequate signage and security to prevent the unauthorized carrying of concealed handguns is immune from liability for any wrongful act or omission relating to the use of such handguns)302
  • Oklahoma303
  • Tennessee304
  • Texas305

Key Legislative Elements

  • The features listed below are intended to provide a framework from which policy options may be considered. A jurisdiction considering new legislation should consult with counsel.
  • All individuals are prohibited from carrying firearms in areas where the presence of guns are particularly dangerous or will have the effect of chilling speech, such as in polling places (Arizona, California, and Georgia), hospitals (Illinois, Michigan, and Texas), and courthouses (Alabama, Oregon, and Virginia).
  • Resist the expansion of, or repeal, laws that require property owners to allow guns on their privately-owned properties or waive civil liability for property owners as an incentive to allow guns on private property.

  1. Louis Klarevas, Rampage Nation: Securing America from Mass Shootings (Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books, 2016).[]
  2. 18 USC § 930(a), (g)(1). The prohibition does not extend to “the lawful carrying of firearms or other dangerous weapons in a Federal facility incident to hunting or other lawful purposes.” § 930(d); see also https://www.dhs.gov/faq-regarding-items-prohibited-federal-property.[]
  3. 39 CFR § 232.1; Bonidy v. United States Postal Serv., 790 F.3d 1121.[]
  4. 49 CFR §§ 1540.111, 1540.5.[]
  5. 49 USC § 46505.[]
  6. 40 USC § 5104(e)(1)(A).[]
  7. 18 U.S.C. § 922(q)(2)(A).[]
  8. 18 U.S.C. § 921(a)(25)-(26).[]
  9. 18 U.S.C. § 922(q)(2)(A).[]
  10. 48 Fed. Reg. 30, 252 (June 30, 1983), codified at 36 C.F.R. § 2.4(a)(2) and 49 Fed. Reg. 18,444 (April 30, 1984), codified at 50 C.F.R. § 27.42(e).[]
  11. 73 Fed. Reg. 74,966, 74,972 (Dec. 10, 2008), amending 36 C.F.R. § 2.4, 50 C.F.R. § 27.42.[]
  12. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-306.[]
  13. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-12-127.[]
  14. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65(a)(19).[]
  15. Miss. Code Ann. §§ 45-9-101(13), 97-37-7(2).[]
  16. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 202.3673.[]
  17. Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-287.01.[]
  18. Ala. Code § 13A-11-61.2(a)(4). This prohibition includes the District Attorney office building.[]
  19. Ark. Code Ann. §§ 5-73-122 (a)(3)(D).[]
  20. Alaska Stat. § 11.61.220(a)(4)(B).[]
  21. Ark. Code Ann. §§ 5-73-122 (a)(3)(D).[]
  22. Fla. Stat. § 790.06(12).[]
  23. Fla. Stat. § 790.053(1).[]
  24. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-127(b).[]
  25. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(c)(1.5), 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 66/65.[]
  26. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 237.110(16).[]
  27. La. Rev. Stat. § 40:1379.3(N).[]
  28. Me. Rev. Stat., tit. 17-A, § 1058(1), (2).[]
  29. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 750.234d(1)(c), (2)(c).[]
  30. Minn. Stat. § 609.66, subd. 1g(a).[]
  31. Miss. Code Ann. §§ 45-9-101(13), 97-37-7(2).[]
  32. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(4).[]
  33. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 159:19(I).[]
  34. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 29-19-11.[]
  35. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441.[]
  36. Nev. Admin. Code § 202.020(1)(3).[]
  37. (N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 14-415.11(c), § 14-269.4.[]
  38. Ohio Rev. Code §§ 2923.123.[]
  39. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21 § 1277(A).[]
  40. Long guns can be carried for “any legitimate purpose”. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1289.6(B).[]
  41. Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.370(2).[]
  42. 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 913.[]
  43. S.C. Code Ann. § 23-31-215(M).[]
  44. S.D. Codified Laws § 22-14-23.[]
  45. Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1306(a).[]
  46. Tex. Penal Code § 46.03 (a)(3).[]
  47. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 13, § 4016(b).[]
  48. Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-283.1.[]
  49. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 9.41.300(1).[]
  50. W. Va. Code § 61-7-11a(g)(1).[]
  51. Wis. Stat. § 175.60(16).[]
  52. Wyo. Stat. § 6-5-209. Firearms are allowed in courtrooms with permission from the presiding judge.[]
  53. Cal. Penal Code § 171b (a)(1).[]
  54. A narrow exception exists for those with open carry licenses: Where the population of the county is less than 200,000 persons according to the most recent federal decennial census, a license to carry loaded and exposed in only that county a pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. Cal. Penal Code § 26150.[]
  55. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65(a)(3), (5), (18).[]
  56. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 75-7c20(a), (b), (m).[]
  57. Nev. Admin. Code § 202.020(1)(6).[]
  58. N.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-02-05(1).[]
  59. Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.126(B)(7). Does not apply to a building that is used primarily as a shelter, restroom, parking facility, or rest facility.[]
  60. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21 § 1277(A)(1).[]
  61. Long guns can be carried for any legitimate purpose. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1289.6(B).[]
  62. Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 166.370 (1), (3)(d); § 166.360[]
  63. S.C. Code Ann. § 16-23-420(A).[]
  64. Wis. Stat. § 941.235(1).[]
  65. Ala. Code § 13A-11-61.2(a)(1).[]
  66. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-306.[]
  67. Fla. Stat. § 790.06(12)(2).[]
  68. Fla. Stat. § 790.053(1).[]
  69. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 237.110(16).[]
  70. La. Rev. Stat. § 40:1379.3(N)(1).[]
  71. Miss. Code. Ann. §97-37-7(2).[]
  72. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(1).[]
  73. N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-415.11(c).[]
  74. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441(1)(a).[]
  75. Nev. Admin. Code § 202.020(1)(1).[]
  76. Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.126(B)(1).[]
  77. S.C. Code Ann. § 23-31-215(M).[]
  78. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 9.41.300(1)(a).[]
  79. Wis. Stat. § 175.60(16)(a)(1).[]
  80. Wyo. Stat. § 6-8-104(t)(i).[]
  81. Ala. Code § 13A-11-61.2.[]
  82. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-306.[]
  83. Cal. Penal Code § 171b (a)(1), (b)(3).[]
  84. A narrow exception exists for those with open carry licenses: Where the population of the county is less than 200,000 persons according to the most recent federal decennial census, a license to carry loaded and exposed in only that county a pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. Cal. Penal Code § 26150.[]
  85. Fla. Stat. § 790.06(12).[]
  86. Fla. Stat. § 790.053(1).[]
  87. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 237.110(16)(d).[]
  88. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(5).[]
  89. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441(1)(a).[]
  90. S.C. Code Ann. § 23-31-215(M).[]
  91. Tex. Penal Code § 46.035(c).[]
  92. Wyo. Stat. § 6-8-104(t)(iv).[]
  93. Cal. Penal Code § 171c(a).[]
  94. Fla. Stat. § 790.06(12).[]
  95. Fla. Stat. § 790.053(1).[]
  96. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 237.110(16)(d).[]
  97. Miss. Code Ann. § 45-9-101(13).[]
  98. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(5).[]
  99. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441(1)(a).[]
  100. Tex. Penal Code § 46.035(c).[]
  101. Wyo. Stat. § 6-8-104(t).[]
  102. Cal. Penal Code § 171.7.[]
  103. A narrow exception exists for those with open carry licenses: “Where the population of the county is less than 200,000 persons according to the most recent federal decennial census, a license to carry loaded and exposed in only that county a pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. Cal. Penal Code § 26150.[]
  104. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-9-118.[]
  105. D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2509.07(a)(6).[]
  106. D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a).[]
  107. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(c)(1.5),  430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65(a)(8).[]
  108. 2011 Alabama OHJR 9.[]
  109. Ark. Code Ann. §§ 5-73-122 (a)(1), 5-73-322(h).[]
  110. Cal. Penal Code § 171c.[]
  111. Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-105.[]
  112. Conn. Gen. Stat. § 2-1e(c).[]
  113. D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2509.07(a)(1), (10).[]
  114. D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a).[]
  115. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-127(b)(1).[]
  116. Idaho Executive Order No. 2004-07.[]
  117. Iowa Code § 8A.322(3).[]
  118. Minn. Stat. § 609.66, subd. 1g(a).[]
  119. La. Rev. Stat. § 40:1379.3(N).[]
  120. Miss. Code Ann. § 45-9-101(13).[]
  121. Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-328.[]
  122. N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 14-415.11(c), 14-269.4.[]
  123. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 218A.905(8).[]
  124. S.C. Code Ann. § 10-11-320.[]
  125. S.D. Codified Laws §§ 22-14-23, 22-14-24(5).[]
  126. 2020 VA HR 17, authorizing the House Committee on Rules to regulate guns in the Capitol which the committee did.[]
  127. Wash. Admin. Code 200-200-470(1).[]
  128. W. Va. Code § 61-6-19(b).[]
  129. S.C. Code Ann. § 51-3-145(G). Does not apply in designated game management areas.[]
  130. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21 § 1277(E). This applies to parks that are managed by public trust or a nonprofit entity.[]
  131. Cal. Code Regs. tit. 14, § 4313. Hunting is exempt. Unloaded weapons stored in temporary lodging or conveyance are exempt when stored in a manner that will prevent their ready use.[]
  132. Ga. Code Ann. § 12-3-10(o)(3).[]
  133. Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 12, § 756(2). Exception for: firearms in a residential dwelling, firearms used for legal hunting, firearms within a vehicle if the firearm is rendered temporarily inoperable or stored in a manner that prevents its ready use.[]
  134. N.M. Code R. § 19.5.2.21. Exceptions to the general prohibition include: Licensed hunters during hunting season in designated areas and firearms carried in a private means of conveyance for lawful protection.[]
  135. N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. .9, § 375.1(p).[]
  136. Ala. Code § 9-11-304.[]
  137. Ga. Code Ann. §§ 27-3-1.1.[]
  138. Minn. Stat. § 97A.091, subd.1(1). Does not apply to unloaded firearms that are broken down or stored in a case. When allowed by the commissioner, firearms used for hunting are exempt from this prohibition.[]
  139. Mont. Code Ann. § 87-5-401.[]
  140. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 37-708(b), 37-712. Those traveling through on the highway or in trains are exempt. Those with special hunting permits are exempt.[]
  141. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 17-2-12.[]
  142. N.D. Cent. Code § 20.1-11-13(3).[]
  143. Tenn. Code Ann. § 70-4-117(a).[]
  144. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 10, § 5204, 5226(c).[]
  145. Wis. Stat. § 29.089(2), 29.091.[]
  146. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 750.234d(1).[]
  147. Mont. Code Ann. § 45-8-328. Some exceptions: drive-up banks, ATMs, unstaffed night deposits, branches inside of a mall or grocery store.[]
  148. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441(a).[]
  149. Alaska Stat. § 11.61.220(a)(2).[]
  150. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-306(11). Arkansas also bans weapons in establishments that sell alcohol for consumption off premises Ark. Code Ann. § 3-4-403(21).[]
  151. Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 4-229(A), 4-244(29)-(30).[]
  152. D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2509.07(a)(7).[]
  153. D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a).[]
  154. Fla. Stat. § 790.06(12)(a)(12).[]
  155. Fla. Stat. § 790.053(1).[]
  156. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(8), 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65(a)(9). CCW permittees can only carry in restaurants that earn less than 50% of their income from alcohol.[]
  157. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/10(c)(1).[]
  158. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 244.125(1). This restriction does not apply in restaurants that seat at least 50 and earn at least 50% of their income from food.[]
  159. La. Rev. Stat. § 14:95.5. CCW permittees may only carry in restaurants with a class A restaurant permit.[]
  160. Me. Stat., 17-A § 1057(1).[]
  161. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 28.425o(1), 750.234d.[]
  162. Miss. Code Ann. § 45-9-101(13). This prohibition applies to areas within an establishment which are primarily devoted to the service of alcohol.[]
  163. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(7). Concealed carry permit holders are exempt from this prohibition in restaurants that can seat at least 50, and earn at least 51% of their income from food.[]
  164. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-7-3(4). CCW permittees can carry in restaurants that sell only beer and wine and derive at least 60% of their income from the sale of food.[]
  165. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441.[]
  166. N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-269.3.[]
  167. N.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-02-04.[]
  168. Ohio Rev. Code §§ 2923.121(B)(1)(e), 2923.126(B)(4).[]
  169. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1272.1. Concealed carry is allowed in any restaurant or establishment licensed to sell low-proof alcoholic beverages where “the sale of low-point beer or alcoholic beverages does not constitute the primary purpose of the business”.[]
  170. S.C. Code Ann. § 16-23-465.[]
  171. S.D. Codified Laws § 23-7-70. This prohibition includes establishments where alcohol is sold for consumption off the premises.[]
  172. Tex. Penal Code § 46.035(b)(1). Concealed carry permit holders are exempt from this prohibition in establishments that make less than 51% of their income from alcohol.[]
  173. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 9.41.300(1).[]
  174. Wis. Stat. § 941.237(2).[]
  175. Wyo. Stat. § 6-8-104(t)(vii).The prohibition applies to areas of establishments primarily devoted to dispensing alcohol.[]
  176. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-306(15).[]
  177. D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2509.07(b).[]
  178. D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a).[]
  179. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-127(b)(4).[]
  180. La. Rev. Stat. § 40:1379.3(N)(8).[]
  181. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. §§ 28.425o(1)(e), 750.234d(1).[]
  182. Miss. Code Ann. § 45-9-101(13).[]
  183. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(14). Firearms stored in vehicles are exempt.[]
  184. N.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-02-05(2)(l). Even with permission from the governing body, only concealed carry permittees can carry.[]
  185. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441(a), (c). The governing body can only grant permission to carry firearms to security personnel who have concealed carry licenses. If the place of worship allows armed security, they must provide written notice to the congregation.[]
  186. Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.126(B)(6).[]
  187. S.C. Code Ann. § 23-31-215(M).[]
  188. Tex. Penal Code § 46.035(b)(6); Tex. Penal Code § 30.06.[]
  189. Utah Code Ann. §§ 76-10-530, 53-5-710.[]
  190. Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-283. According to an opinion of the attorney general carrying a weapon for personal protection constitutes a good and sufficient reason 2011 Va. AG LEXIS 23.[]
  191. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 13-3102(A)(11).[]
  192. Cal. Elec. Code § 18544(a).[]
  193. D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2509.07(5).[]
  194. D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a).[]
  195. Fla. Stat. § 790.06(12)(6).[]
  196. Fla. Stat. § 790.053(1).[]
  197. Ga. Code Ann. §§ 21-2-413(i).[]
  198. La. Rev. Stat. § 40:1379.3(N)(4); § 18:1461.7(c)(3).[]
  199. Miss. Code Ann. § 45-9-101(13).[]
  200. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(2).[]
  201. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441.[]
  202. S.C. Code Ann. § 23-31-215(M)(3).[]
  203. Tex. Penal Code § 46.03 (a)(2).[]
  204. Alaska Stat. § 11.61.220(a)(4)(A). Firearms enclosed in the trunk of or in a closed container contained within a motor vehicle are exempt if the person in possession of the firearm(s) is 21 or over.[]
  205. D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2509.07(a)(2).[]
  206. D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a).[]
  207. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65(a)(2). Includes parking areas. The operator of a childcare facility in a family home may own or possess a firearm if no child under child care at the home is present in the home or if the firearm in the home is stored in a locked container when a child under childcare at the home is present.[]
  208. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 237.110(16).[]
  209. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. §§ 28.425o(1), 750.234d(1). []
  210. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(11). Operators of childcare facilities in a family home are exempt.[]
  211. Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 202.3673, 202.265. The owners of childcare facilities are exempt if they reside in the home and follow all applicable firearms laws.[]
  212. S.C. Code Ann. § 23-31-215(M)(6).[]
  213. S.C. Code Ann. §§ 16-23-20, 23-31-217.[]
  214. Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-308.1 .[]
  215. Idaho Admin. Code r. 16.06.02.734.[]
  216. 465 Ind. Admin. Code 2-9-80(b)(3), 2-10-79(b)(3) , 2-11-80(b)(3), 2-12-78(b)(3), 2-13-77(b)(3).[]
  217. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. § 28.425o(1)(b).[]
  218. N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 18, § 441.19(f).[]
  219. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65(a)(7).[]
  220. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. §§ 28.425o(1), 750.234d(1) .[]
  221. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1 (17). Firearms are allowed in vehicles on premises.[]
  222. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441.[]
  223. Or. Rev. Stat. § 166.370.[]
  224. S.C. Code Ann. § 23-31-215(M).[]
  225. Tex. Penal Code § 46.035(b)(4). Concealed carry permittees can be given written authorization by the administration to carry even if there is a general prohibition.[]
  226. Ala. Code § 13A-11-61.2(3).[]
  227. Fla. Stat. § 394.458.[]
  228. Fla. Stat. § 790.053(1).[]
  229. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-127(b)(5).[]
  230. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65(a)(7).[]
  231. Minn. Stat. § 243.55, subd. 1.[]
  232. Miss. Code Ann. § 41-19-261(c).[]
  233. N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 14, §§ 542.5(a), 45.1.[]
  234. Ohio Rev. Code § 2923.126(B)(1).[]
  235. Utah Code Ann. § 76-8-311.3(4)(d).[]
  236. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §§ 9.41.300(1)(c), 72.23.300.[]
  237. Wis. Stat. § 175.60(16)(5).[]
  238. Wyo. Stat. § 6-5-209.[]
  239. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65(a)(20).[]
  240. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(13). Firearms are allowed if secured in a vehicle.[]
  241. Tex. Penal Code § 46.035(b)(5), (i).[]
  242. Ala. Code § 13A-11-61.2(a)(5),(6).[]
  243. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-306.[]
  244. D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2509.07(8).[]
  245. D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a).[]
  246. Fla. Stat. § 790.06(9).[]
  247. Fla. Stat. § 790.053(1).[]
  248. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(8), A more specific prohibition on carrying firearms in stadiums and at athletic events applies to concealed carry permittees: 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65 (a)(17).[]
  249. Mich. Comp. Laws Serv. §§ 750.234d(1), 28.425o(1)(c). The section restricting concealed carry prohibits only concealed handguns. An additional restriction in this section prohibits concealed handguns at ‘entertainment facilities’ with a capacity of at least 2,500.[]
  250. Miss. Code Ann. § 45-9-101(13).[]
  251. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(16). Firearms stored in vehicles are exempt.[]
  252. N.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-02-05.[]
  253. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441.[]
  254. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21 § 1277(A).[]
  255. Long guns can be carried for “any legitimate purpose”. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1289.6(B).[]
  256. S.C. Code Ann. § 23-31-215(M)(5).[]
  257. See our page on Guns in Schools for more information.[]
  258. Wyo. Stat. § 6-8-104(t).[]
  259. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. 66/65(a)(16).[]
  260. 68 Ind. Admin. Code 1-7-1.[]
  261. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.107.1(12). Guns stored in vehicles are exempt.[]
  262. N.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-02-04.[]
  263. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21 § 1277(A).[]
  264. Long guns can be carried for “any legitimate purpose”. Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1289.6(B).[]
  265. Ala. Code § 13A-11-59.[]
  266. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-306 (17).[]
  267. D.C. Code Ann. § 7-2509.07 (14).[]
  268. D.C. Code Ann. § 22-4504(a).[]
  269. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/24-1(a)(8).[]
  270. La. Rev. Stat. § 40:1379.3(N).[]
  271. Md. Code Ann., Crim. Law § 4-208.[]
  272. Miss. Code Ann. § 45-9-101(13).)
    (Permitted demonstrations or parades)Prohibited
    (Enhanced CCW permittees can carry)
    Allowed
    Nebraska((Neb. Rev. Stat. § 69-2441.[]
  273. N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-277.2.[]
  274. Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 70.108.150.[]
  275. See, Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 69-2441(2).[]
  276. Ala. Code § 13A-11-90(b).[]
  277. Alaska Stat. § 18.65.800(a).[]
  278. Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 12-781(A).[]
  279. Ark. Code Ann. § 5-73-306(18)(B).[]
  280. Fla. Stat. Ann. § 790.251(4)(a).[]
  281. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-135(b).[]
  282. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 66/65(a-10), (b).[]
  283. Ind. Code Ann. § 35-47-2-1(d)(2).[]
  284. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 75-7c10(b)(1).[]
  285. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 237.106(1).[]
  286. La. Rev. Stat. §§ 32:292.1(A), (B), (C). If possession of a firearm on the property is otherwise prohibited by state or federal law, then firearms are still prohibited in parking lots. Private parking lots can restrict gun in cars if they restrict general access to the parking lot and provide other alternatives for firearm storage or parking.[]
  287. Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 26, § 600(1).[]
  288. Minn. Stat. §§ 624.714, subd. 17(c), (d).[]
  289. Miss. Code Ann. § 45-9-55(1), (2).[]
  290. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.030(6).[]
  291. Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 69-2441(3). Does not apply in parking areas for zones where carrying a gun is federally prohibited.[]
  292. N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 14-269.2(k), 14-269.4(6).[]
  293. N.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-02-13(1)(a).[]
  294. Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §§ 2923.1210(A).[]
  295. Okla. Stat. tit. 21, §§ 1290.22(B), 1277(B)(5).[]
  296. Tenn. Code Ann. §§ 39-17-1313, 50-1-312(b).[]
  297. Tex. Lab. Code § 52.061.[]
  298. Utah Code Ann. § 34-45-103. Firearms can be prohibited in parking areas if the proprietor provides gun storage or an alternative parking location within a reasonable distance.[]
  299. W. Va. Code §§ 8-12-5a(c)(3), 61-7-14(d).[]
  300. Wis. Stat. § 943.13(1m)(c).[]
  301. Idaho Code § 5-341.[]
  302. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 75-7c10(c).[]
  303. Okla. Stat. tit. 21, § 1290.22(F).[]
  304. Tenn. Code Ann. § 39-17-1325.[]
  305. Tex. Lab. Code § 52.063.[]