Federal law establishes a baseline national standard regarding individuals’ eligibility to acquire and possess firearms. Under federal law, people are generally prohibited from purchasing or possessing firearms if they have been convicted of a felony or some domestic violence misdemeanors, or if they are subject to certain court orders related to domestic violence or a serious mental condition. However, federal law merely provides a floor, and has notable gaps that allow individuals who have demonstrated significant risk factors for violence or self-harm to legally acquire and possess guns.
Alaska prohibits a person from possessing a concealable firearm (i.e., handgun) after having been convicted of a felony or adjudicated a delinquent minor for conduct that would constitute a felony if committed by an adult by any court. However, this prohibition does not apply if the felony was not an offense against a person and a period of 10 years or more has elapsed between the date of the person’s unconditional discharge and the date of the violation.1
In 2010, Alaska repealed a law that prohibited a person intoxicated by liquor or a controlled substance from possessing a handgun.2
Alaska law prohibits people convicted of felonies from residing in a dwelling knowing that there is a concealed firearm in the dwelling.3
Alaska has no state law prohibiting firearm purchase or possession by:
- People convicted of violent misdemeanors;
- People subject to mental health related court orders; or
- People subject to domestic violence restraining orders.
For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Alaska Background Checks section.
See our Firearm Prohibitions policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue.
- Alaska Stat. § 11.61.200(a)(1), (b)(1)(C).
- 2010 AK. ALS 100 (repealing former Alaska Stat. § 11.61.200(a)(12).
- Alaska Stat. § 11.61.200(a)(10). A person convicted of a felony is exempt from this prohibition if he or she has written authorization to live in a dwelling in which there is a concealable weapon from a court of competent jurisdiction or from the head of the law enforcement agency of the community in which the dwelling is located. Id.