Skip to Main Content
Last updated .

Federal law establishes a baseline national standard regarding individuals’ eligibility to acquire and possess firearms. Under federal law, people are generally prohibited from purchasing or possessing firearms if they have been convicted of a felony or some domestic violence misdemeanors, or if they are subject to certain court orders related to domestic violence or a serious mental condition. However, federal law merely provides a floor, and has notable gaps that allow individuals who have demonstrated significant risk factors for violence or self-harm to legally acquire and possess guns.

Mississippi state law is weaker but incorporates some of the federal prohibitions as state offenses. Mississippi generally prohibits the possession of a firearm by any person who has been convicted of a felony under federal law or the laws of any state.1 Mississippi also prohibits transferring to any person who is known to be intoxicated any of the following:

  • A deadly weapon;
  • A weapon the carrying of which concealed is prohibited; or
  • A pistol cartridge.2

For information on the background check process used to enforce these provisions, see the Mississippi Background Check Procedures section.


Our experts can speak to the full spectrum of gun violence prevention issues. Have a question? Email us at

  1. Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-5(1).[]
  2. Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-13.[]