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See the Domestic Violence & Firearms in Minnesota section for information about disarming people subject to domestic violence related firearm prohibitions.

For the release of a defendant pending trial or hearing in cases involving crimes against the person, a judge may order as a condition of release that the person surrender to local law enforcement any firearms owned or possessed by the person, and the defendant may not live in a residence where others possess firearms.1

Any firearm surrendered will be inventoried and retained by local law enforcement and must be returned to the owner upon his or her acquittal, when charges are dismissed, or if no charges are filed. If the gun owner is convicted, the firearm must be returned when the court orders the return or when the person is discharged from probation and has his or her civil rights restored.2

As of January 2024, Minnesota law will require relinquishment for people subject to Extreme Risk Protection Orders (ERPOs).3 For information about Minnesota’s extreme risk law, see Extreme Risk Protection Orders in Minnesota.


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  1. Minn. Stat. § 629.715, subd. 2.[]
  2. Id.[]
  3. Minn. Stat. § 624.7171 et seq.[]