Except where otherwise permitted by law, Oklahoma prohibits the transportation of a loaded handgun, rifle or shotgun in a “landborne” motor vehicle over a public highway or roadway.1 However, any person (except a convicted felon) may transport a rifle or shotgun clip or magazine loaded (not chamber loaded) if it is in an exterior locked compartment of the vehicle, in the trunk, or in the interior compartment of the vehicle.2 Any person (except a convicted felon) may transport a rifle or shotgun in a motor vehicle if the firearm is concealed behind a seat or within the interior of the vehicle, and is not clip, magazine or chamber loaded.3 Furthermore, any person (except a convicted felon) may transport a rifle, shotgun or handgun, unloaded and open (meaning in plain view, a firearm case, a gun rack, an exterior locked compartment, or a trunk) in a motor vehicle at any time.4
Oklahoma permits the carrying of an unloaded shotgun, rifle or handgun, open and not concealed and without a license, for any legitimate purpose not in violation of the Oklahoma Firearms Act of 1971,5 including when going to or from the person’s residence or vehicle, or a vehicle in which the person is riding as a passenger, to a place designated or authorized for:
- Firearms repairs or reconditioning;
- Firearms trade, sale, or barter, or a gunsmith;
- Hunting animals or fowl;
- A hunter safety course;
- Target shooting, or skeet or trap shooting; or
- Any lawfully recognized firearms activity or event.6
Any person operating a vehicle, or who is a passenger in a vehicle wherein another person who is licensed to carry a handgun, concealed or unconcealed, and is carrying a handgun or has the handgun in such vehicle, is not considered in violation of possession prohibitions within a vehicle, if the licensee is in or near the vehicle.7
A person stopped pursuant to a moving traffic violation who is transporting a loaded handgun in the vehicle without a valid handgun license, whether the loaded firearm is concealed or unconcealed in the vehicle, shall be issued a traffic citation for $70, plus court costs for transporting the firearm improperly, and the person may be arrested for any other violation of law.8
In 2017, Oklahoma repealed its law prohibiting any person other than an authorized law enforcement officer from boarding a bus with a concealed firearm.9
State law also prohibits the transportation of a firearm in a boat, except when hunting animals or fowl in compliance with existing state and federal law.10 Any person in possession of a valid handgun license is not criminally liable for transporting a handgun if the handgun is on or about his or her person while on the boat.11
Finally, no person, property owner, tenant, employer, or business entity is allowed to maintain, establish, or enforce any policy or rule that has the effect of prohibiting any person (except a convicted felon) from transporting and storing firearms in a locked motor vehicle, or from transporting and storing a firearm locked in or locked to a motor vehicle on any property set aside for any motor vehicle.12
- Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1289.13.
- Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1289.7.
- Providing, inter alia, for the licensing of persons to carry handguns, per Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21 §§ 1289.1 through 1289.17.
- Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1289.6(B).
- Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, §§ 1289.7, 1289.13.
- Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, § 1289.13A(A).
- 2017 OK SB 397.
- Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 63, § 4210.3.
- Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 21, §§ 1289.7a, 1290.22(B).