Skip to Main Content
Last updated .

Self-defense laws in the US typically justify a person’s use of lethal force in public in situations where lethal force was necessary to prevent imminent death or serious bodily harm to themselves or another person. Traditionally, these laws have been clear that taking human life is not necessary, and is therefore not justified, if the person could have avoided using lethal violence by retreating, or simply stepping away from a confrontation. A person does not have a duty to retreat from a conflict before using force in their home, however (known as the Castle Doctrine).1 

Stand your ground laws upend centuries of legal tradition, allowing a person to use deadly force in self-defense in public, even if that force can be safely avoided by retreating or when nonlethal force would suffice. 

South Dakota Law

South Dakota has a stand your ground law which removes the traditional duty to retreat before using or threatening to use deadly force in defense of oneself or another in a place where a person has a right to be.2


Our experts can speak to the full spectrum of gun violence prevention issues. Have a question? Email us at

  1. American Bar Association, “National Task Force on Stand Your Ground Laws: Report and Recommendations,” (September 2015): 1.[]
  2. S.D. Codified Laws §§ 22-18-4; 22-18-4.1; 22-18-4.8 (regarding immunity from criminal prosecution and civil liability for use or threatened use of force); 2021 SD HB 1212.[]