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Private firearms transfers (i.e., transfers by non-firearms dealers) are not subject to a background check requirement in Montana, although federal and state purchaser prohibitions still apply. See the Montana Background Checks  section.

Montana makes it unlawful to knowingly or purposely transfer any weapon to a person subject to official detention.1 The state also prohibits the transfer of any weapon by a person subject to official detention.2

 See our Universal Background Checks policy summary for a comprehensive discussion of this issue. 

  1. Mont. Code Ann. § 45-7-307.[]
  2. Id.[]